VCA Veterinary Referral and Emergency Center


Cystoscopy and Urethroscopy

Urethroscopy is the endoscopic study of the urethra. Cystoscopy is the
endoscopic study of the lining of the bladder. Usually these studies are performed
together as one procedure. Both rigid and flexible scopes can be used to perform the exam. Rigid scopes are generally used for female patients. Small-diameter flexible scopes are used on male dogs. Biopsies of the urethral surface or bladder wall can be obtained by passing the biopsy instrument next to the scope, through the protective outer sleeve of the scope or through an opening built into the scope. This procedure requires little patient preparation outside of withholding food on the day of the procedure. In most cases, patients are discharged the same day the procedure is performed.

The major symptoms and reasons to perform a urethroscopy and/or cystoscopy are:

1. Blood in the urine (persistent hematuria)
2. Persistent straining to urinate
3. Persistent vaginal discharge
4. Removal of bladder stones (cystic calculi or urethral calculi)
5. Biopsy of known bladder growth
6. Urinary incontinence
7. Study of congenital urinary tract problems


Internal Medicine

General Practice

We have over 600 animal hospitals in 41 states and 4 Canadian provinces that are staffed by more than 3,000 fully-qualified, dedicated and compassionate veterinarians, with more than 400 being board-certified specialists.

The nationwide VCA family of general practice hospitals give your pet the very best in medical care, providing a full range of general medical and surgical services as well as specialized treatments such as wellness, spay/neuter, advanced diagnostic services (MRI/CT Scan), internal medicine, oncology, ophthalmology, dermatology, cardiology, neurology, boarding, and grooming. Services may vary by location.

Our family of pet hospitals stands out by delivering the greatest resources in order provide the highest quality care available for your pets. By maintaining the highest standards of pet health care available anywhere, we emphasize prevention as well as healing. We provide continuing education programs to our doctors and staff and promote the open exchange of professional knowledge and expertise. And finally, we have established a consistent program of procedures and techniques, proven to be the most effective in keeping pets healthy.

Find a VCA General Care Animal Hospital near you:


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Emergency Care

24/7/365, if your pet has a medical emergency, you can find us at the following address:

VCA Veterinary Referral & Emergency Center
123 West Cedar Street, Norwalk, CT 06854
Telephone: 203-854-9960

Click here for directions to our location.

VCA Veterinary Referral & Emergency Center is a fully-equipped 24/7/365 emergency hospital serving pets and their people in Norwalk and the surrounding communities in Fairfield County and southwestern Connecticut. If you suspect your pet is having a medical crisis, our experienced team of veterinarians, technicians and assistants are here to assist you.

Our Emergency and Critical Care units can assist in all of the following situations requiring immediate medical attention: Auto accidents, traumatic injuries (fractures, bites, burns, lacerations, wounds), respiratory emergencies (choking, difficulty breathing), vomiting, diarrhea, difficulty urinating/defecating, shock, loss of consciousness, dizziness, staggering, tremors, seizures, paralysis, toxic reactions, poison ingestion, labor and delivery problems, blood in urine or feces, swollen, hard, painful abdomen, heatstroke.