Fifth Avenue Veterinary Specialists

Myelography

Myelography is a contrast iodinated radiographic study used to highlight the spinal cord within the vertebral canal. While survey vertebral column radiographs do not allow visualization of the spinal cord or the meninges, Myelography with the use of radiographs as described above, allows visualization of the outline of the spinal cord.

The procedure is technical and performed by veterinarians experienced with the procedure. The procedure is carried out under anesthesia. A spinal needle is introduced into the spinal canal as for a spinal tap. For myelography of the entire spine usually lumbar puncture at L4-5 or L5-6 is performed (low back area). After sterile surgical preparation of the skin, the needle is inserted into the subarachnoid space. This space lies between the outer meninges (fibrous covering of the spinal cord) and the spinal cord itself. This space is filled with spinal fluid. The contrast agent is slowly and gently instilled with care until the entire spinal cord can be visualized into the high neck region.

Myelography for many years was the only way to further image the spinal cord. Although it does not allow for imaging the spinal cord itself, because the contrast agent surrounds and thus highlights the spinal cord, it can provide information on diseases causing compression from the outside the cord but within the canal (extra-dural), within the meninges (intra-dural, extramedullary) and also within the spinal cord (intramedullary).

Examples of extradural diseases include: intervertebral disc extrusion, tumors, cysts, infection, hemorrhage, compression from malformation, fracture or instability and other. Examples of intradural-extramedullary diseases include tumors or infection of the meninges/nerve roots, and cysts or dilations or adhesions of the meningeal elements. Intramedullary diseases include tumors of the spinal cord itself, ischemic stroke, hemorrhage, infection, inflammation, cavities (syrinx), traumatic high velocity intervertebral disc rupture and others.

Departments

Diagnostic Imaging
CLOSE CLOSE

General Practice

We have over 600 animal hospitals in 41 states and 4 Canadian provinces that are staffed by more than 3,000 fully-qualified, dedicated and compassionate veterinarians, with more than 400 being board-certified specialists.

The nationwide VCA family of general practice hospitals give your pet the very best in medical care, providing a full range of general medical and surgical services as well as specialized treatments such as wellness, spay/neuter, advanced diagnostic services (MRI/CT Scan), internal medicine, oncology, ophthalmology, dermatology, cardiology, neurology, boarding, and grooming. Services may vary by location.

Our family of pet hospitals stands out by delivering the greatest resources in order provide the highest quality care available for your pets. By maintaining the highest standards of pet health care available anywhere, we emphasize prevention as well as healing. We provide continuing education programs to our doctors and staff and promote the open exchange of professional knowledge and expertise. And finally, we have established a consistent program of procedures and techniques, proven to be the most effective in keeping pets healthy.

Find a VCA General Care Animal Hospital near you:

 

See all VCA Animal Hospitals >

CLOSE CLOSE

Emergency Care

Fifth Avenue Veterinary Specialists is the only 24-hour emergency hospital in lower Manhattan. We are located at 1 West 15th Street, close to the corner of Fifth Avenue. Our number is 212-924-3311 although if you are having an emergency, you do not have to call before coming in.

Any of the following situations or conditions can be considered an emergency:

  • Traumatic incident such as a fall, a fight with an animal, or any type of car accident
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Ingestion of a foreign object or unknown substance
  • Bleeding, vomiting blood, blood in the feces or urine
  • Swollen, hard abdomen that is painful to the touch
  • Serious wound
  • Non-weight bearing lameness
  • Any injury to the eye
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Seizures
  • Inability to move or sudden weakness
  • Unusual or erratic behavior
  • Signs of extreme pain, such as whining or shaking
  • Straining to urinate (especially a male cat)
  • Labor that does not progress
  • Exposure to extreme heat or cold
  • Non-productive retching and abdominal distention (signs of bloat)
CLOSE CLOSE