VCA Dekalb-Gwinnett Animal Emergency Hospital, we're available to handle any situation requiring immediate medical attention. Whether your regular veterinarian's office is closed or you have been referred by your family veterinarian, we are prepared to care for your pet and handle all emergencies, from the minor to the most complex.
Our emergency and critical care team can assist in all of the following situations:
- Traumatic injuries - fractures, bites, burns, lacerations
- Automobile accidents
- Wounds, bleeding
- Respiratory emergencies, choking
- Vomiting, diarrhea
- Difficulty urinating or defecating
- Shock, loss of consciousness
- Dizziness, staggering, tremors
- Toxic reactions, poison ingestion
- Labor and delivery problems
- Blood in urine or feces
- Swollen, hard, painful abdomen
WHAT IS AN EMERGENCY
If an animal is seriously ill or injured, it needs emergency care immediately. Bring your pet in to see us if any of the should following occur:
- Difficulty Breathing: Noisy breathing, blue tongue or gums, abnormal panting, gasping for air, or very shallow breathing.
- Unstoppable Bleeding: Before transporting, apply pressure to wound area with a clean cloth. Do not use a tourniquet.
- Inability to Urinate or Defecate: Continuously straining with little or no result. Blood in stool or in urine, painful urination or defecation.
- Heatstroke: Signs include heavy panting, extreme weakness, a body temperature above 104°F. Wrap your pet in cool, wet towels prior to transporting.
- Bloated or Distended Abdomen (with or without vomiting).
- Inability To Deliver Kittens or Puppies: Continuous contractions for more than 1 hour, or more than 2 hours between babies or more than 15 minutes of labor with fetus or membranes protruding.
- Loss of Balance, Unconsciousness, or Seizure: Tremors, staggering, convulsions, sudden blindness, fainting, tilting of the head, or sudden changes in behavior, such as unusual withdrawal or aggression.
- Pain: Especially continuous pain. Signs of pain in animals include whimpering, restlessness, crying, and reluctance to move or change position, dilated pupils and a fast heart rate.
- Major Trauma or Injury: If your pet has fallen, been hit by a car, or has suffered wounds anywhere on the body, but especially to the eye, chest or abdomen, or has broken bones.
- Shock: If your pet shows signs of weakness, collapse, shallow breathing, rapid heartbeat, or weak pulses.
- Poisoning: If you believe your pet has been exposed to a poison, call first, and then bring the container with you if you have it, or the commercial name or chemical name with a list of ingredients. Common poisoning in pets include ingestion of insecticides, snail bait, antifreeze, rat poison, over-the-counter drugs (Tylenol, ibuprofen, etc.), prescription medications, snake bites and some plants.
- Vomiting and/or Diarrhea: Excessive, continuous, or contains blood.
- Lameness: Continuous, not bearing weight on limb, or swollen limb.
- Eyes: Eye injuries, sudden blindness, cloudiness or abnormal discharge.
- Allergic Reactions: Swollen face, hives, red skin, difficulty breathing, severe itching or a rash.
- Diabetics: Shaking, excessive salivation, abnormal behavior, excessive vomiting, seizures.
- General: Severe lethargy, decreased appetite, temperature greater than 104°F or anything else that concerns you
WHAT TO DO IN AN EMERGENCY:
- Try to remain calm. Remaining calm will help you to better focus on what you need to do to get help for your pet and help your pet to remain calm as well.
- If possible, call us first to describe the nature of your pet's problem. Our staff will give you instructions on how to handle your pet while en route and give you directions to the hospital. They will also alert our medical staff of your pet's emergency.
- Use absolute caution when handling and moving your pet. When injured and scared, even a loving pet may bite. If in doubt, gently place a towel or blanket over his or her head, making certain to provide good air circulation for breathing. This will help settle the animal.
Frequently Asked Questions
- What Additional Training Does An Emergency and Critical Care Specialist Have?
Veterinarians who want to become board certified in emergency and critical care medicine must seek additional training to become a specialist and earn this prestigious credentialing. Specialty status is granted by the American College of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care (ACVECC). A veterinarian who has received this specialty status will list the initials, 'DACVECC,' after his or her DVM degree. Or, the veterinarian may indicate that he or she is a 'Diplomate' of the ACVECC. The word 'Diplomate' typically means the specialist has achieved the following:
• Obtained a veterinary degree (three to four years of college plus four years of veterinary school).
• Completed a one-year internship at a referral private practice or veterinary teaching hospital.
• Completed an additional three years of advanced training in emergency medicine, surgery, and critical care through a residency at a veterinary teaching hospital where the veterinarian will have trained with some of the best specialists in the field and obtained hands on experience. This training focuses on the most up to date techniques for the diagnosis and treatment of life threatening disease processes or injuries, not only for the duration of the emergency but throughout the critical care period right after.
• Passed a rigorous examination.
After completing and passing all of these requirements, the veterinarian is then recognized by his or her peers as a board certified specialist in veterinary emergency and critical care. When your pet faces an emergency, years of additional training and education will be focused on helping him or her to recover from injury or illness and enjoy the highest quality of life possible.
- How Can I Plan For An Emergency?
Make sure you know ahead of time what your veterinarian's policy is regarding emergency care, both during regular practice hours and after hours. If your veterinarian does not have a referral relationship in place, then make sure you know the location of the closest emergency referral center for your area.
If your pet has an ongoing medical problem that could result in a sudden emergency, make sure you keep any pertinent medical records in a handy place so that you can quickly locate them and bring them with you to the emergency service or hospital in the event of a crisis.
Keep your veterinarian's phone number and any emergency phone numbers and directions next to your phone along with all other important emergency information for your family.
Know basic first aid tips for pets. Ask your veterinarian for these ahead of time during a routine wellness exam
- How Can I Avoid An Emergency Situation With My Pet?
It goes without saying that the best way to avoid an emergency is to prevent it in the first place. To reduce the chances that you will experience an emergency situation during the lifetime of your pet, consider the following tips:
• Follow your veterinarian's advice regarding all relevant wellness care, including vaccinations, age appropriate health screenings, and parasite prevention.
• Prevent traumatic injury by keeping pets under your control at all times. Keep cats indoors and dogs fenced. When pets venture outdoors, keep them leashed at all times. If you do allow them off leash, limit this privilege to large enclosed areas away from traffic, other potentially aggressive pets, and wildlife.
• Invest the time in training your pet to obey simple commands, such as Come, Sit, Down, Stay, and No.
• Never leave your pet alone or unattended in a car, even with the windows open.
• Pet proof your home, removing all potential hazards from your pet's reach, much the same as you would do with an infant or toddler.
• Supervise your pet as much as possible. Puppies and kittens, just like human babies, like to explore with their mouths. Supervising them during playtime can prevent their ingesting poisonous substances or choking hazards.
• If your pet is coping with a chronic illness, carefully follow all of your veterinarian's recommendations regarding medication administration and check ups.
- What To Do In An Emergency?
• Call your veterinarian immediately. Even if it is after hours, most veterinarians have recordings that explain how to obtain emergency help for a pet when the practice is closed.
• Call your veterinarian rather than attempting to obtain advice online. Do not leave a voicemail. In an emergency, your pet needs help immediately. Keep going until you get a live person on the other end of the phone who can connect you with a veterinarian or direct you to an emergency facility.
• If you are away from home, consult the yellow pages of the local phone book for the closest veterinary emergency facility.
- How do I handle my injured pet?
Handle With Care
Pain, fear, and shock can make animals behave differently. When you are faced with a pet emergency, remember that even the most well trained and loving pet can behave differently when feeling ill or in pain. Also realize that even relatively small animals, such as cats or small dogs, are capable of inflicting serious bite and scratch wounds when they are disoriented and in pain. If this occurs, it is important not to take such actions personally, but to realize that it is an expression of the extreme pain or disorientation your pet may be experiencing at the time.
Approach all injured pets with caution. Despite your natural wish to comfort your ill or wounded pet, do not place your face or hands near his or her head until you can assess your pet's condition. If you feel you cannot safely manage the emergency situation, ask your veterinarian for advice on how to handle and transport your pet when you call to report the emergency. Sometimes wrapping small, injured pets in towels (taking care not to cause further injury or pain) or placing larger pets in crates or carriers for transport may be the safest option for both you and your pet.
- What Type of Equipment Do Emergency and Critical Care Specialists Use?
High Tech Help
Much of the same high tech equipment that human doctors use to help critically ill humans is also available to help save injured or seriously ill pets. Emergency and Critical Care specialists are more likely to have access to the following cutting edge equipment or capabilities to help your pet recover:
- Supplemental oxygen delivered via oxygen cages or nasal tubes
- Pulse oximeters
- Blood gas monitoring
- End tidal carbon dioxide measurement
- Colloid oncotic pressure measurement
- Continuous ECG monitoring and telemetry
- Blood pressure and central venous pressure measurements
- Blood transfusions
Advanced imaging techniques, such as CT scans and MRI